#Biodiversity: As ‘phantom rivers’ roar, birds and bats change their hunting habits

#Biodiversity: As ‘phantom rivers’ roar, birds and bats change their hunting habits

For two summers in a rugged corner of Idaho’s Pioneer Mountains, the roar of rushing whitewater filled the air. But where the loud sounds prevailed, only gentle streams flowed by. These phantom rivers were part of an experiment led by ecologist Dylan Gomes of Boise State University. He and colleagues …

#Biodiversity: These ferns may be the first plants known to share work like ants

#Biodiversity: These ferns may be the first plants known to share work like ants

High in the forest canopy, a mass of strange ferns grips a tree trunk, looking like a giant tangle of floppy, viridescent antlers. Below these fork-leaved fronds and closer into the core of the lush knot are brown, disc-shaped plants. These, too, are ferns of the very same species. The …

#Biodiversity: How an elephant’s trunk manipulates air to eat and drink

#Biodiversity: How an elephant’s trunk manipulates air to eat and drink

New research from the Georgia Institute of Technology finds that elephants dilate their nostrils in order to create more space in their trunks, allowing them to store up to nine liters of water. They can also suck up three liters per second — a speed 50 times faster than a …